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部署到 Tomcat 8.5 容器出现 AbstractMethodError

简介

使用 spring-boot 可以很方便的启动一个应用, 也可以打包成 war 进行容器部署启动

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# 版本
spring-boot: 2.2.5.RELEASE
tomcat: 8.5.57

部署后启动出现错误

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严重 [RMI TCP Connection(4)-127.0.0.1] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart 启动过滤器异常
java.lang.AbstractMethodError
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:281)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:110)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4538)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5181)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:705)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.manageApp(HostConfig.java:1719)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:286)
at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819)
at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801)
at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:479)
at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:428)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:286)
at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819)
at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801)
at com.sun.jmx.remote.security.MBeanServerAccessController.invoke(MBeanServerAccessController.java:468)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1468)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.access$300(RMIConnectionImpl.java:76)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl$PrivilegedOperation.run(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1309)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doPrivilegedOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1408)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.invoke(RMIConnectionImpl.java:829)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:357)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:200)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:197)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:196)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:573)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:834)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.lambda$run$0(TCPTransport.java:688)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:687)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
29-Sep-2020 16:39:41.201 信息 [RMI TCP Connection(4)-127.0.0.1] org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext.log Closing Spring root WebApplicationContext

分析

单看错误堆栈没有出现比较明显的信息, 但是出现 AbstractMethodError 错误可以推断出是调用抽象方法时抛出异常

可以定位到出错位置

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// org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig#initFilter
private void initFilter() throws ServletException {
if (context instanceof StandardContext &&
context.getSwallowOutput()) {
try {
SystemLogHandler.startCapture();
filter.init(this);
} finally {
String capturedlog = SystemLogHandler.stopCapture();
if (capturedlog != null && capturedlog.length() > 0) {
getServletContext().log(capturedlog);
}
}
} else {
filter.init(this);
}

// Expose filter via JMX
registerJMX();
}
1
org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig private transient Filter filter = null

可以看到是在初始化 filter 链中出现问题, 调用 Filter 接口的 init 方法出错

通过断点可以确定是哪个 filter 出错

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// org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext#filterStart
/**
* Configure and initialize the set of filters for this Context.
* @return <code>true</code> if all filter initialization completed
* successfully, or <code>false</code> otherwise.
*/
public boolean filterStart() {

if (getLogger().isDebugEnabled()) {
getLogger().debug("Starting filters");
}
// Instantiate and record a FilterConfig for each defined filter
boolean ok = true;
synchronized (filterConfigs) {
filterConfigs.clear();
for (Entry<String,FilterDef> entry : filterDefs.entrySet()) {
String name = entry.getKey();
if (getLogger().isDebugEnabled()) {
getLogger().debug(" Starting filter '" + name + "'");
}
try {
ApplicationFilterConfig filterConfig =
new ApplicationFilterConfig(this, entry.getValue());
filterConfigs.put(name, filterConfig);
} catch (Throwable t) {
t = ExceptionUtils.unwrapInvocationTargetException(t);
ExceptionUtils.handleThrowable(t);
getLogger().error(sm.getString(
"standardContext.filterStart", name), t);
ok = false;
}
}
}

return ok;
}

出现错误的类并可以运行在内嵌的 tomcat 容器中, 其他容器也可以

看了下内嵌的 tomcat 版本为: 9.0.37 对比一下两个版本的 Filter.class 接口

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// 9.0.31
// javax.servlet.Filter
/*
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package javax.servlet;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
* A filter is an object that performs filtering tasks on either the request to
* a resource (a servlet or static content), or on the response from a resource,
* or both. <br>
* <br>
* Filters perform filtering in the <code>doFilter</code> method. Every Filter
* has access to a FilterConfig object from which it can obtain its
* initialization parameters, a reference to the ServletContext which it can
* use, for example, to load resources needed for filtering tasks.
* <p>
* Filters are configured in the deployment descriptor of a web application
* <p>
* Examples that have been identified for this design are<br>
* 1) Authentication Filters <br>
* 2) Logging and Auditing Filters <br>
* 3) Image conversion Filters <br>
* 4) Data compression Filters <br>
* 5) Encryption Filters <br>
* 6) Tokenizing Filters <br>
* 7) Filters that trigger resource access events <br>
* 8) XSL/T filters <br>
* 9) Mime-type chain Filter <br>
*
* @since Servlet 2.3
*/
public interface Filter {

/**
* Called by the web container to indicate to a filter that it is being
* placed into service. The servlet container calls the init method exactly
* once after instantiating the filter. The init method must complete
* successfully before the filter is asked to do any filtering work.
* <p>
* The web container cannot place the filter into service if the init method
* either:
* <ul>
* <li>Throws a ServletException</li>
* <li>Does not return within a time period defined by the web
* container</li>
* </ul>
* The default implementation is a NO-OP.
*
* @param filterConfig The configuration information associated with the
* filter instance being initialised
*
* @throws ServletException if the initialisation fails
*/
public default void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {}

/**
* The <code>doFilter</code> method of the Filter is called by the container
* each time a request/response pair is passed through the chain due to a
* client request for a resource at the end of the chain. The FilterChain
* passed in to this method allows the Filter to pass on the request and
* response to the next entity in the chain.
* <p>
* A typical implementation of this method would follow the following
* pattern:- <br>
* 1. Examine the request<br>
* 2. Optionally wrap the request object with a custom implementation to
* filter content or headers for input filtering <br>
* 3. Optionally wrap the response object with a custom implementation to
* filter content or headers for output filtering <br>
* 4. a) <strong>Either</strong> invoke the next entity in the chain using
* the FilterChain object (<code>chain.doFilter()</code>), <br>
* 4. b) <strong>or</strong> not pass on the request/response pair to the
* next entity in the filter chain to block the request processing<br>
* 5. Directly set headers on the response after invocation of the next
* entity in the filter chain.
*
* @param request The request to process
* @param response The response associated with the request
* @param chain Provides access to the next filter in the chain for this
* filter to pass the request and response to for further
* processing
*
* @throws IOException if an I/O error occurs during this filter's
* processing of the request
* @throws ServletException if the processing fails for any other reason
*/
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException;

/**
* Called by the web container to indicate to a filter that it is being
* taken out of service. This method is only called once all threads within
* the filter's doFilter method have exited or after a timeout period has
* passed. After the web container calls this method, it will not call the
* doFilter method again on this instance of the filter. <br>
* <br>
*
* This method gives the filter an opportunity to clean up any resources
* that are being held (for example, memory, file handles, threads) and make
* sure that any persistent state is synchronized with the filter's current
* state in memory.
*
* The default implementation is a NO-OP.
*/
public default void destroy() {}
}
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// 8.5.57
// javax.servlet.Filter
/*
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package javax.servlet;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
* A filter is an object that performs filtering tasks on either the request to
* a resource (a servlet or static content), or on the response from a resource,
* or both. <br>
* <br>
* Filters perform filtering in the <code>doFilter</code> method. Every Filter
* has access to a FilterConfig object from which it can obtain its
* initialization parameters, a reference to the ServletContext which it can
* use, for example, to load resources needed for filtering tasks.
* <p>
* Filters are configured in the deployment descriptor of a web application
* <p>
* Examples that have been identified for this design are<br>
* 1) Authentication Filters <br>
* 2) Logging and Auditing Filters <br>
* 3) Image conversion Filters <br>
* 4) Data compression Filters <br>
* 5) Encryption Filters <br>
* 6) Tokenizing Filters <br>
* 7) Filters that trigger resource access events <br>
* 8) XSL/T filters <br>
* 9) Mime-type chain Filter <br>
*
* @since Servlet 2.3
*/
public interface Filter {

/**
* Called by the web container to indicate to a filter that it is being
* placed into service. The servlet container calls the init method exactly
* once after instantiating the filter. The init method must complete
* successfully before the filter is asked to do any filtering work.
* <p>
* The web container cannot place the filter into service if the init method
* either:
* <ul>
* <li>Throws a ServletException</li>
* <li>Does not return within a time period defined by the web
* container</li>
* </ul>
*
* @param filterConfig The configuration information associated with the
* filter instance being initialised
*
* @throws ServletException if the initialisation fails
*/
public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException;

/**
* The <code>doFilter</code> method of the Filter is called by the container
* each time a request/response pair is passed through the chain due to a
* client request for a resource at the end of the chain. The FilterChain
* passed in to this method allows the Filter to pass on the request and
* response to the next entity in the chain.
* <p>
* A typical implementation of this method would follow the following
* pattern:- <br>
* 1. Examine the request<br>
* 2. Optionally wrap the request object with a custom implementation to
* filter content or headers for input filtering <br>
* 3. Optionally wrap the response object with a custom implementation to
* filter content or headers for output filtering <br>
* 4. a) <strong>Either</strong> invoke the next entity in the chain using
* the FilterChain object (<code>chain.doFilter()</code>), <br>
* 4. b) <strong>or</strong> not pass on the request/response pair to the
* next entity in the filter chain to block the request processing<br>
* 5. Directly set headers on the response after invocation of the next
* entity in the filter chain.
*
* @param request The request to process
* @param response The response associated with the request
* @param chain Provides access to the next filter in the chain for this
* filter to pass the request and response to for further
* processing
*
* @throws IOException if an I/O error occurs during this filter's
* processing of the request
* @throws ServletException if the processing fails for any other reason
*/
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException;

/**
* Called by the web container to indicate to a filter that it is being
* taken out of service. This method is only called once all threads within
* the filter's doFilter method have exited or after a timeout period has
* passed. After the web container calls this method, it will not call the
* doFilter method again on this instance of the filter. <br>
* <br>
*
* This method gives the filter an opportunity to clean up any resources
* that are being held (for example, memory, file handles, threads) and make
* sure that any persistent state is synchronized with the filter's current
* state in memory.
*/
public void destroy();
}

可以看到 tomcat 9 使用了 servlet-api:4 版本的接口, 其中 init 和 destroy 方法都已经默认实现了

验证

apache-tomcat-8.5.57/lib/servlet-api.jar 替换为 servlet-api:4.0.1 版本, 重新启动后正常

解决

将出现问题的自定义 filter 实现 init 和 destroy 方法即可

参考

Apache Tomcat Versions